Hydrosalpinx: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment - Dr. Mona Dahiya (2023)

Hydrosalpinx: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment - Dr. Mona Dahiya (1)Listen to this article

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1 Wat is Hydrosalpinx?

2Simptomi Hydrosalpinxa:

3 Effect of hydrosalpinx on fertility

3.1 Possible complications of hydrosalpinx:

4 Causes of hydrosalpinx:

5 Diagnose van hydrosalpinx:

6 Hydrosalpinx Treatment Options:

6.1 Conservative treatment of hydrosalpinx

6.2 Lifestyle Changes

6.3 Surgical Procedures for Hydrosalpinx

7 Prevention of hydrosalpinx:

7.1 Maintaining good pelvic health:

7.2 Avoid safe sex and sexually transmitted diseases

7.3 Prompt treatment of infections and inflammatory conditions

8 Can Hydrosalpinx burst?

9Simptomi rupture hidrosalpinksa

10Hydrosalpinx and the risk of cancer

11 Can Hydrosalpinx go away on its own?

12 Conclusion


Wat is Hydrosalpinx?

Hydrosalpinx: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment - Dr. Mona Dahiya (2)


Hydrosalpinx, derived from the Greek words "hydro" (meaning water) and "salpinx" (meaning tube), refers to the accumulation of fluid in the fallopian tubes. These tubes play a crucial role in the transport of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. However, when the tubes become clogged or obstructed, fluid can build up, leading to the formation of hydrosalpinx.

Simptomi Hydrosalpinxa:

Recognizing the symptoms of hydrosalpinx is essential for early detection and timely treatment. While some women may not experience any symptoms, others may notice:

  • Pelvic pain:Persistent or intermittent pain in the pelvic area is a common symptom of hydrosalpinx. The severity of the pain can range from mild discomfort to severe cramping.
  • Unusual vaginal discharge:Some women may notice abnormal vaginal discharge, which may be thin, clear, or white in color.
  • Pain during intercourse:Sexual intercourse can become painful or uncomfortable for women with hydrosalpinx.
  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles:Hydrosalpinx can cause disturbances in the menstrual cycle, which can lead to irregular periods.

The effect of hydrosalpinx on fertility

Hydrosalpinx can significantly affect a woman's fertility. The presence of fluid in the fallopian tubes can hinder the fertilization process by preventing sperm from reaching the egg. It can also interfere with the movement of a fertilized egg to the uterus, increasing the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.

Possible complications of hydrosalpinx:

If left untreated, hydrosalpinx can lead to several complications:

  • Increased risk of infertility:Blockage caused by hydrosalpinx can prevent successful conception, making it difficult for women to conceive naturally.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy:The presence of fluid in the fallopian tubes increases the riskEctopic Pregnancy, where the fertilized egg implants and develops outside the uterus.
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain:Hydrosalpinx can cause constant pelvic pain, which affects a woman's quality of life and daily activities.
  • Adhesions and scars:In some cases, the inflammation associated with hydrosalpinx can lead to the development of adhesions or scar tissue, further impairing fertility.

Causes Of Hydrosalpinx:

Understanding the underlying causes of hydrosalpinx can help prevent and treat it. Some common causes are:

  • Infection and Inflammation:Reproductive tract infections, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), can lead to inflammation and scarring of the fallopian tubes. These scars can eventually result in the formation of hydrosalpinx.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):PID, often caused by sexually transmitted diseases, can cause inflammation and damage to the fallopian tubes, increasing the risk of hydrosalpinx.
  • Previous pelvic surgery or ectopic pregnancy:Previous pelvic surgeries, such as appendectomy or ovarian cysts, can cause scarring and blockage in the fallopian tubes, leading to hydrosalpinx. In addition, an ectopic pregnancy, where the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, can lead to fallopian tube damage, increasing the risk of hydrosalpinx.
  • Endometriosis:ENDOMETRIOSISPelvic inflammatory disease, a condition in which tissue lining the uterus grows outside the uterus, can affect the fallopian tubes, leading to inflammation, scarring, and the development of hydrosalpinx.
  • Other possible causes:While infection, inflammation, previous surgery, and endometriosis are common causes of hydrosalpinx, there are other factors that can contribute to its development. Think of hormonal imbalances, birth defects and certain medical conditions.'

Diagnose van hydrosalpinx:

Medical history and physical examination

Diagnosing hydrosalpinx usually begins with a comprehensive history and physical examination. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, menstrual history, sexual activity, and previous reproductive health problems. In addition, a pelvic exam will be performed to assess for signs of tenderness, abnormal discharge, or palpable masses. These first steps provide valuable insights and help guide further diagnostic procedures.

Recording techniques

Imaging techniques play a key role in diagnosing hydrosalpinx. Some common withdrawal methods are:

  • ultrasound:Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create real-time images of the reproductive organs. It can help visualize the fallopian tubes and recognize the presence of fluid-filled structures.
  • Histerosalpingografie (HSG):HSG involves injecting a contrast dye into the uterus, followed by an X-ray. With this technique, the structure of the fallopian tubes can be assessed and blockages or abnormalities can be detected.
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound:This specialized ultrasound technique involves inserting a probe into the vagina to obtain detailed images of the reproductive organs. It allows a closer look at the fallopian tubes and can help identify hydrosalpinx.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):In certain cases, an MRI scan may be used to visualize the pelvic area and provide a more detailed assessment of the fallopian tubes.

Laparoscopy as a diagnostic tool

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that can be used to diagnose hydrosalpinx. It involves making small incisions in the abdomen to insert a thin, lighted instrument called a laparoscope. This allows the doctor to directly visualize the reproductive organs and identify any blockages or fluid buildup in the fallopian tubes. Laparoscopy not only aids in diagnosis, but can also serve as a therapeutic measure, allowing surgical intervention if necessary.

Hydrosalpinx Treatment Options:

Conservative treatment of hydrosalpinx

  • Antibiotic therapy:In cases where hydrosalpinx is caused by infection or inflammation, antibiotic therapy may be prescribed. This treatment aims to eradicate the underlying infection and reduce inflammation in the fallopian tubes. It is essential to carefully follow the prescribed antibiotic treatment regimen and complete the full course of treatment to ensure effective resolution of the infection.
  • Pain Management:Treatment of pain associated with hydrosalpinx is an integral part of conservative management. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be recommended to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Your doctor can suggest appropriate pain relief strategies based on your individual needs and preferences.

Lifestyle changes

Certain lifestyle changes may complement conservative treatment with hydrosalpinx. This can be:

  • Maintain a healthy weight:Being overweight or underweight can affect reproductive health. Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can make a positive contribution to the treatment of hydrosalpinx.
  • Quit smoking:Smoking is associated with several reproductive health problems, including damage to the fallopian tubes. Quitting smoking can improve overall fertility and reproductive well-being.
  • Stress management:High levels of stress can affect hormonal balance and reproductive health. Practicing meditation, yoga, or taking up a hobby can help reduce stress levels and improve well-being.

Surgical procedures for Hydrosalpinx

  • Salpingectomie:Salpingectomy involves the surgical removal of the affected fallopian tube. This procedure is usually considered when hydrosalpinx is severe, irreversible, or causes significant pain. A salpingectomy can be performed using traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopy. Once the diseased fallopian tube is removed, the remaining healthy fallopian tube can still support natural fertilization.
  • Salpingostomie:Salpingostomy is a surgical procedure that aims to create a new opening in the blocked fallopian tube through which accumulated fluid can drain. This procedure is usually considered in cases where fallopian tube preservation is desirable, such as preservation of fertility is a priority. A salpingostomy may increase the chances of natural conception, although it's important to note that success rates vary depending on individual factors.
  • Tubal cannulation:Tubal cannulation is a minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a catheter or specialized instruments through the cervix and into the fallopian tubes. This procedure is used to remove blockages in the fallopian tubes, restore normal fallopian tube function, and increase the chances of natural conception. Tubal cannulation is often performed under the guidance of imaging, such as hysterosalpingography, to ensure accurate placement of instruments.
  • In vitro fertilisatie (IVF) met tubal bypass:In cases where the fallopian tubes are severely damaged or when other treatment options have failed,in vitro fertilization (IVF)tubal bypass may be considered. IVF involves the extraction of eggs from the ovaries, their fertilization with sperm in laboratory conditions and the transfer of the obtained embryos into the uterus. By bypassing the fallopian tubes, IVF provides a direct path to fertilization and increases the chances of a successful pregnancy. This approach is especially helpful for people with bilateral hydrosalpinx or other fertility problems.

Prevention of hydrosalpinx:

Prevention of hydrosalpinx includes maintaining good pelvic health and taking proactive steps to reduce the risk of infections and inflammatory conditions. Here are some important tips for prevention:

Maintaining good pelvic health:

  • Practice good hygiene:Maintain good hygiene by washing the genital area regularly with mild soap and water. Avoid using strong chemicals or perfume products that can disrupt the natural balance of the vagina.
  • Stay hydrated:Drink enough water every day to improve your overall health and support the proper functioning of your reproductive organs.
  • Eat a balanced diet:A nutritious diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean protein provides essential nutrients that contribute to pelvic health.
  • Exercise regularly:Engage in regular exercise to improve blood circulation and strengthen the pelvic muscles.

Safe sex and avoiding sexually transmitted diseases

  • Use barrier methods:Consistently use protective methods such as condoms during sex to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STDs) that can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and subsequent hydrosalpinx.
  • Test yourself on SPI:Get checked regularly for STIs, especially if you have multiple sexual partners or engage in risky behavior. Early detection and treatment of STDs can prevent the onset of pelvic infections.

Rapid treatment of infections and inflammatory conditions

  • Seek medical help:If you experience symptoms of a pelvic infection or inflammatory condition, such as pelvic pain, abnormal discharge, or fever, seek immediate medical attention. Timely treatment can prevent the spread of infection and possible damage to the fallopian tubes.
  • Complete prescription medications:If you are diagnosed with an infection or inflammatory condition, follow your doctor's instructions and complete the full course of prescribed medication. This helps eradicate the infection and reduce the risk of complications.
  • Managing Chronic Conditions:If you have chronic conditions such as endometriosis or previous pelvic surgery, work closely with your doctor to manage these conditions effectively. Regular monitoring and appropriate treatment can minimize the risk of developing hydrosalpinx.

Can Hydrosalpinx Burst?

The hydrosalpinx itself usually does not rupture. However, the buildup of fluid in the fallopian tubes can create pressure, potentially leading to complications such as fallopian tube rupture or leakage. Rupture is more common with severe hydrosalpinx or if the underlying cause, such as infection or inflammation, is not treated. A rupture can cause severe abdominal pain and requires immediate medical attention. If you experience severe pain or suspect a fracture, seek immediate medical attention.

Symptoms of hydrosalpinx rupture

When the hydrosalpinx ruptures, it can manifest with a variety of symptoms. This can be:

  • Severe abdominal pain: rupturehydrosalpinx often results in sudden and intense abdominal pain. The pain may be localized or spread to the lower abdomen. It is essential to differentiate this pain from other causes and seek medical advice to determine the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment.
  • Nausea and vomiting:A rupture can lead to a feeling of nausea and may be accompanied by vomiting. These symptoms are often accompanied by severe pain and should not be ignored.
  • Shoulder pain:In some cases, shoulder pain may be present. This occurs due to irritation of the diaphragm by the fluid released from the ruptured hydrosalpinx. If you experience shoulder pain and severe abdominal pain, this may indicate a ruptured hydrosalpinx.

If you experience any of these symptoms or suspect a rupture, seek immediate medical attention for proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Hydrosalpinx and the risk of cancer

Hydrosalpinx itself does not increase the risk of developing fallopian tube cancer. However, it's important to note that chronic inflammation and underlying conditions that can cause hydrosalpinx, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis, can carry their own potential cancer risks. It is critical to discuss any concerns with your doctor to understand the specific risks of your individual situation.

Can Hydrosalpinx go away on its own?

In some cases, a small hydrosalpinx may go away on its own without treatment. However, it is important to remember that larger or more severe hydrosalpinxes are less likely to resolve spontaneously. In addition, untreated hydrosalpinx can lead to complications and worsen over time. Therefore, it is necessary to see a doctor for a correct diagnosis and an appropriate treatment plan.


Hydrosalpinx is a condition that requires medical attention and appropriate treatment. With advances in medical technology and reproductive technologies, there is hope for women affected by hydrosalpinx to fulfill their dreams of starting a family. By raising awareness, promoting early detection and ensuring access to appropriate medical care, we can empower women to take control of their reproductive health and overcome the challenges of hydrosalpinx.


Q: What is the treatment for hydrosalpinx?

A: The primary treatment for hydrosalpinx is surgical intervention, usually in the form of laparoscopic or open surgery. Surgical options include salpingectomy (removal of the affected fallopian tube) or salpingostomy (making an opening in the tube to drain fluid). In some cases, fertility-preserving surgery, such as tubal re-anastomosis or fimbrioplasty, may be considered.

Q: What are the symptoms of hydrosalpinx?

A: Hydrosalpinx, a condition characterized by blockage and accumulation of fluid in the fallopian tubes, can present with a variety of symptoms. Common symptoms include pelvic pain or discomfort, lower abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and irregular menstrual cycles. However, some individuals with hydrosalpinx may not experience any visible symptoms.

Q: Is hydrosalpinx painful?

A: Yes, hydrosalpinx can cause pelvic pain or discomfort. The presence of fluid-filled fallopian tubes can cause stretching, inflammation, and pressure on surrounding tissues, leading to pain. However, it is important to note that not all people with hydrosalpinx feel pain and the severity of the pain can vary from person to person.

Q: Is it possible to get pregnant with hydrosalpinx?

A: Getting pregnant naturally with hydrosalpinx can be difficult because blocked or damaged fallopian tubes can interfere with the fertilization process and embryo transfer. However, assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) may provide viable options for pregnancy in women with hydrosalpinx. In such cases, the fluid-filled tubes are often surgically removed or bridged to increase the chances of successful implantation.

Q: Can hydrosalpinx be cured without surgery?

A: No, hydrosalpinx usually requires surgery for effective treatment. Fluid buildup in the fallopian tubes cannot be resolved without addressing the underlying blockage or damage. While conservative treatment approaches, such as antibiotics, can help manage associated infections, surgery remains the main method of addressing the condition.

Q: What is the main cause of hydrosalpinx?

A: The primary cause of hydrosalpinx is usually pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is usually the result of a sexually transmitted infection (STD) such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. These infections can cause inflammation and scarring in the fallopian tubes, leading to blockages and subsequent fluid buildup.

Q: Could hydrosalpinx be cancerous?

A: Hydrosalpinx itself is not considered cancerous. It is primarily a structural and functional problem that affects the fallopian tubes. However, it's important to note that chronic inflammation and certain underlying conditions, such as endometriosis, can increase the risk of developing certain types of ovarian cancer. Regular medical checkups and appropriate treatment are essential for monitoring and addressing potential risks.

Q: What is the result of hydrosalpinx?

A: Hydrosalpinx can have different results depending on the individual. If left untreated, it can lead to permanent pelvic pain, infertility or difficulty conceiving naturally, and an increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy. Treatment of hydrosalpinx with surgery or assisted reproductive technologies (ART) can increase the chances of a successful pregnancy and relieve associated symptoms.

Q: Is hydrosalpinx an emergency?

A: Hydrosalpinx is not usually considered a medical emergency. However, if hydrosalpinx causes severe pain, signs of infection, or complications such as a ruptured fallopian tube, immediate medical attention may be needed. It is important to see a healthcare provider for proper assessment and treatment.

Q: How long does it take to recover from hydrosalpinx?

A: Recovery time from hydrosalpinx surgery can vary depending on the surgical approach, individual factors, and any complications. In general, laparoscopic hydrosalpinx surgery usually involves a shorter recovery period compared to open surgery. The recovery time can take several days to several weeks. It is important to follow the doctor's postoperative instructions and to attend all recommended examinations.

Q: How much does hydrosalpinx surgery cost?

A: The cost of hydrosalpinx surgery can vary depending on several factors, including geographic location, medical facility, surgeon's cost, type of surgery (laparoscopic or open), additional procedures performed, and insurance. It is recommended that you consult health care providers and insurance companies to obtain accurate cost estimates specific to individual circumstances.

Q: Can laparoscopy cure hydrosalpinx?

A: Laparoscopy can be an effective treatment for hydrosalpinx in many cases. During laparoscopic surgery, the fallopian tubes can be evaluated and treated by removing the diseased tube (salpingectomy) or creating an opening to drain fluid (salpingostomy). However, the success of the procedure depends on individual factors, such as the extent of the damage and the individual's overall reproductive health.

Q: Is IVF success possible with hydrosalpinx?

A: In vitro fertilization (IVF) can provide viable pregnancy options for people with hydrosalpinx. Because the fallopian tubes are bypassed during IVF, blockage or damage caused by hydrosalpinx does not interfere with the fertilization process. Before IVF, surgery to remove or bypass affected fallopian tubes may be recommended to increase the chances of successful implantation and pregnancy.

Q: Can hydrosalpinx cause heavy periods?

A: Hydrosalpinx does not usually cause heavy periods on its own. However, underlying conditions such as endometriosis, which can coexist with hydrosalpinx, can cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. If heavy periods are a cause for concern, it is important to see a healthcare provider for proper assessment and diagnosis.

Q: Can hydrosalpinx be seen on ultrasound?

A: Yes, hydrosalpinx can often be seen on ultrasound. An ultrasound examination may reveal the presence of fluid-filled fallopian tubes, suggesting hydrosalpinx. Ultrasound is a common imaging modality to evaluate the reproductive organs and identify structural abnormalities such as hydrosalpinx.


What is a hydrosalpinx watery discharge? ›


Symptoms of a progressive disease may include: throbbing pain in the lower abdomen on one or both sides; discomfort, slight pain during sexual intercourse; periodic profuse watery discharge from the vagina (the contents of the hydrosalpinx can be poured into the uterus and vagina);

Does hydrosalpinx affect fertility? ›

Hydrosalpinx is a classic fertility problem that prevents embryos from reaching the uterus and limits pregnancy rates. It can interfere with fertility therapy and cause problems for IVF. Fortunately, excellent methods are available to manage the hydrosalpinx.

Where does hydrosalpinx fluid come from? ›

What causes a hydrosalpinx? Hydrosalpinx can be caused by an old infection in the fallopian tubes, sometimes a sexually transmitted infection. Other causes include previous surgery (particularly surgeries on the tube), severe adhesions of your pelvis, endometriosis, or other sources of infection such as appendicitis.

How do you clear hydrosalpinx? ›

Hydrosalpinx is usually treated by a minimally invasive surgery called salpingostomy that unblocks the fallopian tube. If surgical treatment does not restore fertility, in vitro fertilization (IVF) can bypass the need for the fallopian tube to achieve pregnancy.

How do you get fluid out of fallopian tubes naturally? ›

Natural Treatments for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
  1. Vitamin C.
  2. Turmeric.
  3. Ginger.
  4. Garlic.
  5. Lodhra.
  6. Dong quai.
  7. Ginseng.
  8. Vaginal steaming.
Feb 21, 2019

What are the symptoms of severe hydrosalpinx? ›

Symptoms of Hydrosalpinx
  • Infertility.
  • Aching, constant pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Increasing pain during and after a period.
  • Vaginal discharge.
Oct 7, 2021

Can hydrosalpinx disappear? ›

Often people ask can hydrosalpinx go away on its own? And while there are some reports of spontaneous resolution of hydrosalpinx – this has never been medically proven and we always recommend consulting a professional.

Can hydrosalpinx be cancerous? ›

Most commonly it is due to primary ovarian malignancy with fallopian tube involvement or primary fallopian tube carcinoma. But hydrosalpinx with no malignancy in the fallopian tube, associated with synchronous malignancy of ovary and endometrium is rare.

What are the risks of hydrosalpinx? ›

Hydrosalpinx can cause the fallopian tube to become blocked with fluid. This blockage prevents the egg from passing down the tube, which means that the sperm cannot reach the egg.

What antibiotics are used for hydrosalpinx? ›

Hydrosalpinx treated with extended doxycycline does not compromise the success of in vitro fertilization.

Has anyone got pregnant with hydrosalpinx? ›

IVF Treatment

Later, this embryo is transferred to the patient's womb and a pregnancy test is performed after 14 days. Never give up on your dreams, you can conceive even if you are suffering from hydrosalpinx, any type of tubal blockage or any other infertility issue.

How much does hydrosalpinx surgery cost? ›

The average surgery cost for blocked fallopian tube surgery in Hyderabad would start from INR 28,000. Laparoscopy is one the best procedures adopted to hydrosalpinx treatment in Hyderabad.

What is the recovery time for hydrosalpinx? ›

You should allow about three weeks' recovery time.

Can hydrosalpinx be repaired? ›

In some cases, especially where the hydrosalpinx is small, this type of blockage can be repaired, allowing pregnancy to occur naturally. This requires a surgical procedure called neosalpingostomy, in which a laparoscope is surgically inserted into the abdomen and an incision is made to open the blocked fallopian tube.

How do doctors flush your fallopian tubes? ›

“Tubal flushing” refers to the process of injecting dye into your uterus and fallopian tubes, as with an HSG, but without doing an X-ray. Some studies suggest that tubal flushing improves fertility, especially during the first three to six months following the dye injection.

What cleans blocked fallopian tubes? ›

Fimbrioplasty. Your doctor might suggest a fimbrioplasty procedure if you have blockage in the part of your fallopian tube that's closest to the ovary. This procedure opens the blocked tube and saves tissue known as the fimbriae so that your eggs can move through the tube.

Where is hydrosalpinx pain? ›

Hydrosalpinx is an obstruction of the fallopian tube, resulting in fluid accumulation. Usually, it is asymptomatic but it can present as abdominal or pelvic pain.

What can mimic hydrosalpinx? ›

Hematosalpinx can occur in the setting of endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, adnexal torsion, malignancy, or trauma. On US, hematosalpinx appears like hydrosalpinx but will show internal low-level echoes reflecting blood products.

Is hydrosalpinx a pelvic inflammatory disease? ›

Hydrosalpinx occurs when a fallopian tube fills with serous fluid as a result of distal blockage. The most common cause of hydrosalpinx is previous episodes of PID. Other causes include endometriosis, peritubal adhesions from prior surgeries, tubal cancer, and prior tubal pregnancy (20,26).

What infections cause hydrosalpinx? ›

Hydrosalpinx causes include: Previous untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs), like chlamydia and gonorrhea. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), oftentimes resulting from untreated STIs. Scar tissue left over from pelvic surgery, especially surgery on your fallopian tubes.

Can a cyst be mistaken for hydrosalpinx? ›

Most of the cases of large pyosalpinx or hydrosalpinx may be easily misdiagnosed on ultrasound as a case of a tuboovarian mass or abscess, an endometriotic cyst, or other specific ovarian tumors which may further complicate management.

Do you need antibiotics for hydrosalpinx? ›

If the hydrosalpinx is caused by PID, that will be treated with antibiotics as well. When patients go straight to IVF treatment, without surgically removing the infected fallopian tube, pregnancy and live birth rates are much lower than would be expected.

Does hydrosalpinx smell? ›

Generally, hydrosalpinx, or the accumulation of fluid in the fallopian tubes, does not cause symptoms in women. This makes diagnosis difficult. However, some women have described discomfort such as lower abdominal pain, fever and/or a foul-smelling vaginal discharge.

What are the characteristics of hydrosalpinx? ›

A hydrosalpinx is a condition that occurs when a Fallopian tube is blocked and fills with serous or clear fluid near the ovary (distal to the uterus). The blocked tube may become substantially distended giving the tube a characteristic sausage-like or retort-like shape.

What bacteria causes hydrosalpinx? ›

Fluid gets trapped inside your tubes, causing them to swell. Hydrosalpinx causes include: Previous untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs), like chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Can hydrosalpinx hurt? ›

Hydrosalpinx is an obstruction of the fallopian tube, resulting in fluid accumulation. Usually, it is asymptomatic but it can present as abdominal or pelvic pain.

Can hydrosalpinx be misdiagnosed? ›

Most of the cases of large pyosalpinx or hydrosalpinx may be easily misdiagnosed on ultrasound as a case of a tuboovarian mass or abscess, an endometriotic cyst, or other specific ovarian tumors which may further complicate management.

Can pelvic scan detect hydrosalpinx? ›

A hydrosalpinx is usually diagnosed after a hysterosalpingogram, laparoscopy surgery, pelvic MRI scan or transvaginal ultrasound.

What antibiotic is used for hydrosalpinx? ›

Doxycycline therapy for patients with a hydrosalpinx

Doxycycline 100 mg twice daily was prescribed in all patients with a hydrosalpinx, even though there was no clinical or laboratory evidence of an active pelvic infection in any of these women.

What treatment cleans fallopian tubes? ›

If your fallopian tubes are blocked by small amounts of scar tissue or adhesions, your doctor can use laparoscopic surgery to remove the blockage and open the tubes. If your fallopian tubes are blocked by large amounts of scar tissue or adhesions, treatment to remove the blockages may not be possible.

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